This festival takes place during the Hindu Month of Maghsar. The month is marked by an astrological event where the sun (surya) enters the Makar rashi (Sagittarius).
According to Vedic astrology this is the house of Guru (preceptor), who is the giver of knowledge, hence this period is considered to be the most auspicious for receiving diksha (initiation) and gnaan (knowledge) from one’s Guru.
This is reflected in the actions of Shree Ghanshyam Maharaj, who miraculously learnt the scriptures from His father, Dharmadev during this short period. He studied the Samved and then the Purans and Maharabharat; setting aside His favourite passages, which He later cites in the Shikshapatri. The month is propitious for learning and it is no coincidence that Lord Krishna went to Sandipani Rushi’s ashram to learn the scriptures at this time.
In addition to this, Dhanurmas is a period when nature is well balanced and there is peace and quiet. Heat and cold are in balance, making it easier to rejoice in devotional activities. Hence, Dhanurmas is celebrated by most of the sampraday within the sanatan dharma. Temples are open longer so that people can worship God and special meals are offered to God to commemorate the event.
Dhanurmas is a month for learning and worshipping God with selfless devotion.